Macular Degeneration is an eye condition that could result in vision loss. This eye condition happens when the macula – the part of the eye that allows for sharp, central vision – deteriorates. This condition is quite common in people over 50, affecting more than 600,000 people in the UK.
Here, we will share the basics you need to know about Macular Degeneration, including its types, symptoms, and treatment options:
Types of Macular Degeneration
Macular Degeneration can be classified into two types: Dry and Wet.
Dry Macular Degeneration is significantly the more common type, accounting for roughly 85 percent of all cases. It occurs when the macula thins and small deposits called drusen form under the retina. Wet Macular Degeneration, in comparison, is less common but more severe. It could happen when abnormal blood vessels grow under the macula, causing fluid and blood to leak into the retina. This can cause rapid vision loss and is considered a medical emergency.
Symptoms of Macular Degeneration
The earlier stages of Macular Degeneration may not cause any noticeable symptoms, but as the condition progresses, you may experience the following:
- Blurred or distorted vision
- Difficulty reading or recognizing faces
- Dark or empty areas in your vision
- Decreased brightness or intensity of colors
- Need for much brighter light when you’re reading or doing close work
If you or your family member is experiencing one or more of these symptoms, it’s important to schedule an eye test in London with the best optician as soon as possible. Early detection and treatment can help you preserve your vision and quality of life.
Presently, there is no cure for Macular Degeneration. However, several treatment options are available. The type of treatment that will be recommended depends on the severity of the eye condition and the type of Macular Degeneration you have.
For Dry Macular Degeneration, there is no proven treatment, but certain lifestyle changes may
help slow its progression. These include quitting bad habits like smoking, eating a healthy diet that is rich in antioxidants, and taking nutritional supplements such as vitamins C, E, and zinc.
For Wet Macular Degeneration, treatments such as injections, laser surgery, and photodynamic therapy may be recommended. These treatments aim to slow or stop the growth of abnormal blood vessels and avoid further vision loss.
While there is no guaranteed way to avoid Macular Degeneration, there are several steps you can take to reduce your risk. These include:
- Eating a healthy diet rich in leafy green vegetables, fish, and nuts
- Quitting smoking
- Protecting your eyes from UV radiation by wearing sunglasses with UV protection
- Maintaining a healthy weight and exercising regularly
- Scheduling regular eye tests in London with the best optician to detect changes in your vision early on.
Macular Degeneration is a serious eye condition that can lead to a loss of vision. It’s essential to be aware of the symptoms and to schedule regular eye tests in London with the best optician to detect any changes in your vision early on. While there is no known cure for Macular Degeneration as of now, there are several treatment options available that can help slow its progression and preserve your vision. By taking steps to reduce your risk, you can help protect your eyes and maintain your quality of life.
At Perspective Optometrists, we know what sets a great eye test apart from a subpar one. That’s why we strive to offer comprehensive, in-depth, and easily understandable eye examinations. If you require an eye test in London to assess for Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Cataracts, Glaucoma, or any other concerns, our team will guarantee a precise evaluation and walk you through the necessary steps to tackle any issue. Book your appointment with Perspective Optometrists now!